CENTRAL STANDARD TIME
Tuesday January 31, 2023
11:20 AM -- Treacherous Weather in the Southern United
6:53 AM -- Long Distance Records --
From the research of Richard Powers:
with the question of 49mz range in mind... In 1966 when the 100ft tower
of the 250w community station KBAR (in Idaho) fell after a pickup truck
ran into one of its guywires, they temporarily ran a wire up a utility
pole so to continue broadcasting.. Amazingly, with their makeshift wire
antenna their station was picked up "loud and clear" in England! Of
course it was due to just some kind of atmospheric fluke but it
happened. I attached the following article about it because its on hand
but I've heard of similar such flukes before as I'm sure you have
recall another article of a part 15 AM station that was picked up about
100 miles away (I think it was during the 1970s, I've posted the
article before, I'll try to find it again). Also, years ago I posted
over at the ALPB forum somewhere about my puzzlement that I was able to
pick up my station clearly at the Wilmilgnton Island dump, about 7
miles away (as the crow flies) yet was unable to even hear the
slightest indication of a signal inbetween during the miles of
highway drive on my way there... it just didn't make sense to me. The
whole point being is that radio waves travel occasionally unexpected
ways, So perhaps it's not so hard to believe that a part 15 49mz signal
can under certain conditions travel unexplainable distances -
same goes for part 15 AM signals too. It may not even be that rare of
an occurrence, it might be happening all the time, though for only
brief spans of time.
would be cool to set up a 49mhz part 15 station 24 hours a day with
contact info, just to see if someday a reception report came in from
someone somewhere somehow.
It's intriguing thought.
Monday January 30, 2023
7:38 PM --Loonies Out of Tune --
7:47 AM -- Medical Advertisement --
your doctor about Nirgavap. Side effects may include odd activities in
peripheral vision, kaleidoscopically shifting olfactory smells,
drooping of the ears and paranoid suspicion that family members are
conspiring to collect your life insurance. If your doctor is slow to
respond it may indicate he is in on it. When something is wrong with
you but you're not sure what it is, Nirgavap has been found 40%
effective, over 7% of the time, almost as good as a placebo, but better
7:30 AM -- Detecting Traces of Restored Youth --
manager of the Upper Management Lounge, a food service destination
within the KDX Internet Building, I stocked up on provisions in advance
of a coming week of wintery conditions, consisting of a large amount of
perishable foods. As the sole staff member of the radio station it will
be my responsibilty to consume this food before spoilage and
yesterday's feasting brought about early bedtime at 6:30 last evening
which resulted in being awake at 2 AM following a full 8-hours in
dreamland. We arose and went to work on our frequency biasing
experiments by way of the B.U.T.T. Encoder driving the Icecast Stream
of KDX-VORBIS. By 5 AM we became subjectively amazed at the
stunning result which became less obvious due to uncertainty over
whether being younger is equivalent to being more immature, so we
turned once again to chowing down.
7:12 AM -- Slick Roads Cause Widespread Automobile Crashes --
thin layer of 'black ice' has contributed to multiple traffic
collisions throughout the KDX operational area since Sunday night
through this morning. Hazardous conditions will continue to about
Wednesday, with temperatures remaining in the 20s. Circumstances inside
the Internet Building, home of KDX Worldround Radio, are very
comfortable as we do what broadcasters do, living troublefree warm and
toasty lives with steaming breakfast served all morning.
Saturday January 28, 2023
12:44 NOON -- Religious Moron of the Week --
week the popular rock musician George Hrab is heard on KDX with his
Geologik Show including a feature called "Religious
Moron of the Week", which today named Catholic Priest Father Gerald
Johnson who claims to have died, gone to Hell, and returned to life to
tell about it. Fr. Johnson said he was so angry at being sent to Hell
that God sent him to Hell. While there, Fr. Johnson reports seeing
crying men on their hands and knees being walked by demons using chains
wrapped around the neck. Leash laws in Hell are strictly obeyed.
11:58 AM -- As Carl Was Saying --
as we follow the two paths of, 1.) trying to fill in and rationalize
the idea of a magic tone that rejuvenates youth, and 2.) an actual
working mechanism to achieve the objective through web streaming, we
must praise the B.U.T.T. guy, his name is Daniel Noethen, whose latest
version 0.1.37 has a feature perfectly suited to my apparatus... for a
reason of his own he added a mixer which allows two different inputs
which can be blended together directly within the encoder. Here's how I
have it figured and configured: the main KDX program channel enters
input 1 set to sample rate of 41.1 kHz, same as that for compact discs,
and the mystery frequency, pre-produced in Audacity by generating a
steady tone of 96 kHz, close to the 100 kHz stated in the article.
The mixed audio channels are passed through the encoder with
Rate of 192 kHz, which I may be able to set higher when returning to
the experiment. Confusing as it is, I point out that SR and BR are two
different properties. Try to keep it straight and so will I.
was the important part. Now here's the other important part. Older
technology is based around a circuit that does exactly what my new
system does, but for a different outcome. We're talking about analog
tape recording technology in which an audio signal is encoded to the
magnetic tape heads and mixed into it is a bias frequency of 100 kHz
more or less which, rather than inducing renewed youth, flings the
magnetic particles embedded onto the tape into a consistent forward
direction thus reducing distortion while adding the characteristic
'hiss' for which tape is beloved. Therefore my insertion of a similar
high pitched tone on top of an audio signal shall borrow the name
'bias' and suggests a bias toward youngness. Will it add hiss?
also, if hiss was so good why did they make hiss reduction devices that
took up rack space? As a medical doctor once said, "There's a lot we
don't know". But when a second opinion was sought another medical
doctor said, "If there was something to this we would know about it."
The summation of the two opinions adds up to saying that this will work
unless it doesn't.
9:50 AM -- Quest for the Fountain --
to find the 'frequency of youth' per our earlier post (Jan. 23,
9:17 AM - 'Sound Reverses Aging') are continuing here on
Experimental Radio Station KDX, as we slowly inch the settings closer
and closer to the ideal for streaming sine waves so high up that you
can't hear them. Although, the magazine piece didn't specify whether
the secret tone should be sinusoidal or otherwise, such as maybe a
squarewave or sawtooth wave. Nor did the article describe what bodily
mechanism aids our detection of said wave albeit subliminal. We can't
easily believe that brainwave frequencies have anything to do with it
because they are measurably very low down between zero and about
24-Hertz, below audible range. The newly 'discovered'
whistle is up there, above hearing, the approximate value of 100 kHz
given by the writer, suggesting a general ultra high range but lacking
any mention of bandwidth. Considering the fact that this new frontier
in the search for restored youth joins the age-old fable of a 'fountain
of youth' can we assume that reference to a 'fountain' alludes to a
liquid formulation? If so might we leap to the notion that our bodily
blood-plumbing is the responding element, like the tidal sea to the
moon's gravitational pull? Print me in a scientific magazine, if you
wish, but give me the money. And, as youth returns in the form of
better looks please don't tell me that foolishness and immaturity gets
restored along with everything else, and especially, I want it
understood that I will not attend grade school this time.
9:44 AM -- Deeper and Darker Internet --
There is a very informative entry (Jan. 27) at the Artisan
Radio Blog titled
Friday January 27, 2023
5:18 PM -- Warbles, Nursing, Keith Hamilton and Cats --
Richard Powers opens a number of topics
the youth restoration warbles found in certain frequencies and your
investigation into such claims, haven't we explored something similar
before? I can't remember exactly but it had to do with some frequency
or tone that affected our pych somehow and the whole thing was played
around with at part15.org ?
couldn't figure out what your shovel guy in the barn story had to do
with a Nursing Care Facility, but it did remind me of a story of low
power am at nursing homes - which I can't find right now.. and suddenly
I'm perplexed how nursing may refer to breastfeeding, old folks homes,
or greenery plant shops.. or a sexy nurse fantasy.
Now, we add to that a
guy sleeping in the barn with a shovel. Nursing is an odd word.
another (non-related) newsclipping from 2005. I never heard of
'Community Audio Touring Service' (CATS), nor is it clear how it's
associated with home sales, but part 15 AM transmitters are
used.. not transmitting from a house, but rather directing to
entire sub division. This article in the 'News and Observer' Apr 22
2005 isn't very clear and I haven't looked further into it just yet,
but here in Savannah we have a city run busline using the acronym CATS
which I think means "Community Area Transit Service" but it's involved
with neither AM nor house hunting.. nor expected to be.. just saying
it's a CATS too.
not a particularly good article but what's notable are the mentions of
Keith Hamilton design of the Rangemaster and something about a
"community station in Clayton" which is indirectly connected with CATS.Radio
of Yesteryear in a Nursing Care
Carl here with a few responses to Rich's several topics...
The title of my blog "Radio
of Yesteryear in a Nursing Care
Facility" is all about the title itself and has nothing to do with the
barn yarn that follows. In other words, anything about oldtime radio
(of yesteryear) should be in a nursing care facility because of being a
senior category. And that other thing, sexy nurses. It's interesting to
wonder what they fantasize about. Maybe you should contact a
nursing school with your questions about 'nursing'.
4:55 PM -- A
New Zara Bug Discovery --
we mention that Zara is the name of a popular automation program used
by radio stations which in addition to generating the playlist of
programs scheduled to run on the air also puts out metadata
informs directories what is currently being heard. The way it works is
that the title of the audiofile being broadcast is sent to a text file
which in turn is grabbed by the stream encoder and relayed to the
directory. Ours, however, has been malfunctioning. No matter what
actual audio title we were airing, the directory showed that we were
sending a sine wave. After more than an hour inspecting and
re-inspecting the system, nothing changed and I became discouraged and
was this close to shutting down the whole operation. But first I went
deeply into the subconscious mind and reviewed everything about life to
date until I recalled some kind of experiment we tried the other day
involving a sine tone being repeatedly sent over Zara's Auxiliary
Channel No. 1, so I looked and indeed that sine wave was still
ruminating and we instantly knew that audio being played on the
auxiliary channel over-wrote audio on the main program channel
far as metadata is concerned. By stopping the aux sine wave everything
is returned to correct operating status and we are newly aware of a
previously undocumented bug in the software.
4:22 PM -- Knowledge Is Never Complete --
a lifelong broadcaster it is possible to look back over the
and recognize the changing course taken by ambitions and objectives
along the way. That doesn't say anything and requires more explanation
before it starts to make sense. So then, at the outset I became
attracted to certain particulars of working in radio. Announcing was a
biggy and reading scripts branched off into both refinement of the
voice and writing skills, but no announcer is heard without microphone
technology and no microphone is complete until it gets amplified and no
amplifier goes beyond public address status unless it connects to a
radio transmitter and no transmittert radiates very far without an
antenna tower but hold on... antenna towers require climbers and that's
where I drew a boundary and never went above the base of any tower.
Programming became part of the package as it seemed necassary to frame
announcements with material to fill the time and what better than tapes
and records. The basic DJ was stage one of the radio work, but it was
humbling to take orders from a manager who might not have ideas as
brilliant as I thought mine were so naturally I tried to figure out how
to become a manager but didn't know what they actually did other than
being bossy. Envisioning executive jobs as ways of free-loading
avoidance of physical labor seemed a little boring although having
secretaries looked like a pleasing compensation. Ultimately the
solution to everything came in ownership and with KDX I finally know
what it's like being at the top of the radio game. Do you think for one
minute that I'm going to tell you?
Thursday January 26, 2023
6:28 AM -- Unseemly Microscopic Things --
6:07 AM -- Earth's Inner Core is Slowing Down --
The length of a day may change as a result. "Since
we don't actually know what's happening, we really don't know. So I
guess I can't really tell you what it is that we don't know as to
whether there is anything to be concerned about", said John Vidale, a
physicist at the University of Southern California.
Wednesday January 25, 2023
9:17 PM -- The Lying Life of Congressman George Santos --
9:05 PM -- First, This --
8:43 PM -- Developing Story --
This just in:
8:40 PM -- From the Night Desk --
Carl Blare reporting for night duty. We just checked the Drudge Report
to see what's going on. There
is nothing going on at this time. We will be here through
the next few hours just in case of something.
8:20 AM -- Live Cameras --
8:05 AM -- Morning Weather --
very light dusting of snow, about 1.5", covers the campus here at home
school college. Predictions called for substantially more
during the night. Additional snow is expected during the day but with
temperatures above freezing. How are things where you are?
8:00 AM -- Security Search --
classified documents have been found in a search of the Internet
Building, home of KDX Worldround Radio. The search team mentioned that
we have many classy documents.
Tuesday January 24, 2023
2:17 PM -- Several Things On the Mind --
today I got tangled up in an attempted blog in reaction to something
recently seen on the Artisan Radio Blog about trolls pretending to be
someone very dumb as part of an assault against part 15 websites
accusing them of promoting pirate radio activity. Out
of frustration at my own fumbling over what I was trying to
the item got deleted and I may pick it up some other time. Thought
you'd like to know about editorial attempts that go on here during what
appear like silent stretches. Just for now I'll say that I've seen it
before... characters that appear out of nowhere to make rude remarks
following which they evaporate and are never heard from again, an
indication that they are only imposters who drop the facade leaving
whatever trail of damage they can achieve with one nasty swipe.
an entirely other department of mind while we await two days of snow
here at the Internet Building in the Mid-Mississippi Valley I've been
toying with the idea of taking such occasions, when weather closes down
normal activity, to stream live over KDX-VORBIS on the internet, with a
call-in line open to engage in realtime conversations with listeners,
something we haven't done since our live streaming shows of 2007 while
first exploring our newfound place in webcasting. Our role model of the
time was KPAH, a part 15 radio station in Pahrump, Nevada, streaming
live with townspeople doing call-in shows as the International Voice of
Pahrump. The shows were delightfully entertaining but faded away due to
unfortunately slim response, then disappeared entirely when Harvey, the
owner, obtained an LPFM license serving his town. So now today, here in
the future, we report that live-radio is not something part 15 radio
stations tend to do. The appeal is a romantic one, the idea sounds
good, but actually doing it requires giving up other pleasures such as
free movies, delicious meals, and deep naps.
Monday January 23, 2023
12:05 NOON -- No Go --
It doesn't seem like our streaming
devices will pass the VHF (very high frequencies) needed to experiment
as discussed in preceeding blogs. And even if we could, the
loudspeakers at the receiver end are very unlikely to reproduce the
inaudible ultrasound required to rejuvenate youth. We will be able to
go forward with in-house testing given our audio frequency generator
which indeed generates 100kHz tones together with capable amplifier and
tweeter speaker. Nothing to do with Twitter. While we are able to
handle very high bandpass from audio source through Virtual Audio Cable
through Stereo Tool Audio Processing, the bottle-neck is the B.U.T.T.
Stream Encoder which tops out at 96 kHz. Oh, and I forgot to mention...
to pass 100 k we'd need a sample rate of 200 kHz. Right? Anyway, even
if we could send 'youth restoration warbles' over the internet, it
would probably not make it to the other end.
9:29 AM -- Major Experiment at the Planning Stage --
we learned in the earlier blog (Sound Reverses Aging) an ultrasound
audio frequency of around 100 kHz may bestow health benefits
humans within the field of transmission. Starting very soon KDX
Worldround Radio plans to superimpose ultrasound mixed with regular
program audio with the expectation that listeners whose loudspeakers
are able to reproduce the extra-high frequency will find that listening
to KDX makes them 'feel good'.
We will also take into account the
electronic side of such frequencies which coincide with the longwave
radio band, wondering whether operation of a transmitter in this
spectrum would also be detected by human sensory mechanisms.
Imagination is at work.
9:17 AM -- Sound Reverses Aging --
audio includes the frequencies from 20-Hertz up to 20,000-Hertz. Of
course that range applies to human hearing. The continuation of audio
spectrum above 20 kHz is known as UltraSound, hearable by certain other
creatures with dogs being a well known example. According to recent
scientific findings the unheard frequencies above the range covered by
our ears may have beneficial affects of unexpected significance. Put
this in your head and think it:
7:05 AM -- Guest
time to time we welcome Buster Boatrocker to deliver a guest commentary
for readers of The Blare Blog, especially when Buster starts calling
repeatedly until we relent and give him access. We present... Buster
is Buster Boatrocker.
Buster Boatrocker is Carl Blare's barber from
South St. Louis, Missouri.
The classified top secret documents, air-quotes
"found" close air-quotes, at President Biden's home.
If you ask me those sensitive papers were planted
there by Donald Trump, Junior.
Or by Eric Trump.
Or by Ted Cruz.
Or by Marjorie Taylor Greene.
Or by Mitch Mc'Connell.
Or by covert operatives of the GOP.
They weren't mishandled by Biden.
He never wanted to be bothered with paperwork
when he was Vice President.
Politicians are the wrong people to have in the
They only tell the truth when someone pays them
off to say it.
I know it and you know it.
This is Buster Boatrocker.
Sunday January 22, 2023
12:55 NOON -- Radio of Yesteryear in a Nursing Care
a kid growing up with a wood burning stove and stylish furniture
console radio I never missed Roy Rogers on one network and the Lone
Ranger on a competing network. Without maturing a whole lot I none the
less was just barely able to grasp the humor of the radio team Bob
& Ray who often spoofed, lampooned and otherwise parodied and
satirized popular shows of the day, such as doing 'Jack Headstrong, All
American American' as a spoof of 'Jack Armstrong, All American Boy'.
And they did 'Mr. Trace, Keener Than Most Persons' as a take-down of
'Mr. Keene, Tracer of Lost Persons'. So, therefore, it would have been
very much their style to do 'Roy Ranger, Rides the West' as an overall
mockup of Roy Rogers and the Lone Ranger combined, but Bob and Ray
overlooked the possibility, and it wasn't until 2023 that I, Carl
Blare, came across the idea while stumbling to the bathroom in the
middle of the night. Being self-taught of the Bob & Ray school,
happen also to maintain a stable of fictitious radio characters and
having chanced upon this new one would like to stake my claim
scripting an original radio play here on The Blare Blog! You are in the
audience for Episode One of 'Roy Ranger, Unemployed Cowboy; Have
Shovel, Will Travel':
EPISODE 1 - Titled: "Stealth Camper in a Farm Barn"
BLARE: I'm a radio personality from the Big City who spends a
weeks every summer out here on the half-acre where I grow potatoes and
squash. This morning, walking out to the barn, I found a
sound asleep next a shovel that I didn't recognize. 'Hey! Stranger! You
and that shovel can't sleep in my barn! Skeedaddle before I call the
[The stranger awakes and shows his face from underneath a tattered
RANGER: Uh, gosh, I'yam plenny sorry, Misser, ain't nobuddy
'roun fer awhile. Thought this-here barn wuz 'bandoned! Say, you isn't
got no cows, is ya?
C. BLARE: No. This isn't a dairy farm. Just some veggies.
That your shovel?
R. RANGER: Yep. Don't go nowhere widdout 'er! Shure comes in
handy ina cow pasture!
C. BLARE: Well, maybe you can earn some barn privilege,
R. RANGER: I'd be mighty obliged. Say, ain't I heard yer
BLARE: Well, I've done some radio, but back to business.
you stand on tending potatoes and squash? You got your shovel, and I
forgot to buy one of my own at the hardware store. Except, your shovel
isn't for digging, it's a scooper shovel.
R. RANGER: I'm purdy darn good with diggin aroun' an I sure
need tha barn what with storms commin', so whadiya say?
C. BLARE: Oh, alright. We'll take you on as a hired hand
until we see how things work out.
R. RANGER: Yew won't regret 'dis, whadya say yer name wuz?
C. BLARE: Carl. Just call me Carl.
[Closing Music. talked over...]
NARRATOR: Join us next time when Carl says...
C. BLARE: That shovel of yours just isn't right for this job!
Saturday January 21, 2023
3:02 PM -- Unbridled Thoughts --
I don't believe in super fish, yet I realize that I sometimes speak
All roaming leads to roads, eventually.
- That sort of makes sense, in a way, don't you
think? Yah, sure.
- Unsigned by Carl Blare
Friday January 20, 2023
8:06 PM -- Not To Be Confused with Hobby Broadcaster --
7:38 AM -- Let's Dress It Up --
low power radio hobby doesn't bring the stature and admiration that it
should, so we look around for ways we might soup things up to
bring the sense of importance we so much deserve. I got to thinking
about the power of costumery, which most of us only think about at
Halloween. I often say, "Watch out for men wearing costumes", as the
mere sight of a costume is able to instill fear. For example, people
wearing cop costumes could have you in jail for the whole weekend, a
man wearing robes can sentence you to a labor camp and a man wearing a
tailored pin-stripe suite can 'defend' you against the other cosplayers
at great expense, by the way, while the one in a navy-blue suit
attempts to have you locked up for good. If a priest shows up wearing a
black suit and roman collar it could mean you'll be receiving the Last
Rites prior to a death sentence, administered by a man wearing a hooded
mask. But what I'm really getting to are costumes that evoke
respectability and are 'looked up to', such as the studied scrubby
ungroomed look of rock stars and the various upholstery
designating Holy Office color coded by rank: black for priests, red for
Cardinals and white for Popes. With all that in mind, look at us in our
slobby half-pants with mismatched socks and shoes, ill-fitting wrinkled
tee-shirts, unshaven faces and home-cut hair looking like retarded
six-year olds. Bus drivers, postmen and train engineers have better
costumes than we do. Establishing a sophisticated part 15 dress code is
something the ALPB could have achieved but for the schlocky takeover
carried out by the Mini Trump, soiling the hobby community by dragging
it down to the level of sibling rivalry among mutts in a homeless camp.
We need a fashion look of our own, and until we have it the FCC will
continue to view us as interference.
Thursday January 19, 2023
4:50 PM -- Puzzling Logic --
you broadcast on 12 frequencies which are not heard by one and
the same person, that means each station is not being
listened to by one person. If each station reports that one person is
not listening, the sum of people not listening is twelve. As an
example, there are about thirty local stations that I am not hearing.
If each station counted me as not listening, I would be thirty people.
I don't think I could afford to feed all of my selfs.
4:21 PM -- Very Stupid People Being Trolled While Marching for
Un-planned Parenthood --
Wednesday January 18, 2023
11:16 AM --
Order Yours Today --
in your advance order for the forthcoming book "It's Not Who You Know,
It's Who You Say You Know" by Republican Congressman of New York,
George Santos. If you don't yet know George, believe me he tops Donald
Trump and Marjorie Taylor Green put together. Click here for the
11:04 AM --
can't help how they look,
but you can hold it against them anyway.
- Carl Blare, said in defiance of the political
7:26 AM -- I Did It! 49.870 MHz, NBFM, Back On Air, As of
Message from Tha Dood:
took me a bit to reassemble everything back together,
after over a decade of non-use, but after finally making an audio
divider, (Since JG Tiger and I could find the ones that we knew
were already here.), as of about 6PM Sunday evening, 49.870MHz NBFM
Auxiliary Station, is back on-air. Huh... They still sell this
model at Wal-fart: https://www.walmart.com/ip/Safety-1st-Crystal-Clear-2-Channel-Audio-Monitor-with-1-Receiver-White/21968380
Albeit, outtaŽ stock.
That claims a +600ft
range, or 1/8th mile.
HereŽs a bad rating for these: https://www.babybargains.com/audio-baby-monitor-review-safety-1st/#comment-93893
chinned-in under COMMENTS, so weŽll
see if they post that. Well, in theory, a decent scanner, with the
telescopic whip ANT indoors, could RX this up to 1 mile. With a
decent outdoor scanner, or 6M ANT, several miles
Speaking of 6M, a friend in Culloden, WV, Tim, K8RRT, e-mailed me
that the solar flux is up past 240. That may mean F2 PROP to Europe
on 6M! Whoa... That means 12M, 11M, and 10M will be hoppinŽ crazy.
I havenŽt heard those 11M NBFM TV / Radio station 100W Auxiliary
Stations in the daytime yet. Have you??? 20 years ago, there was
like a dozen of them that came in with Cycle 23. I havenŽt heard
any, yet, today.
- Tha Dood
7:22 AM -- Stream Them Bells --
7:15 AM -- About FM Supertower --
Mark from Part15.org says...
Tuesday January 17, 2023
12:02 NOON -- FM Supertower --
Some of the local stations I listen to emenate from this tower.
Sunday January 15, 2023
6:08 PM -- When Part 15 Was 10-Years Old --
A Rich Powers Sunday Special:
Carl, here's an interesting read (I hope this isnt a repeat) from the
FCC's 14th Annual Report (Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1948). 'Section 2'
had already become 'Part 15', but there's no alternate rule yet. Below
are pasted two full excerpts, both are short reads. In them you see
part 15 AM stations were considered a "Low Power Radio Service" and
others specifically referred to as "miniature broadcast stations" (a
rarity in FCC documentation).
no specific mention of pee-wees yet, but the "miniature broadcast
stations" presumably alludes to them. I have not found any kits or
plans the kids may have been using in the 1940s, but phono-oscillators
were plentiful, I'd like to find more part15 stories from the 1940s..
here's from the FCC's 1948 Annual Report, the first comes from Chapter
4, section 10, on page 69, followed by Chapter 8, section 2 on page 127:
SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES
10. LOW-POWER RADIO
Commission's low-power rules (secs.15.1 to 15.4 of pt.15, formerly
secs. 2.101 to 2.104 of pt. 2) provide certain limitations
the intensity of radio-frequency energy which may be radiated without
necessity for licensing by the Commission.
largest benefactors from these rules are the various organizations
using carrier current, telephone companies, and railroads. Various
schools and colleges throughout the country are installing intracampus
carrier current broadcast systems and the Commission has received
numerous inquires from other institutions and private individuals
regarding such systems.
of this interest and because of the increasing number of regularly
established radio services, unlicensed low-power operations are
becoming a potential source of interference. Accordingly, the
Cornmission is studying its low-power rules with the view of revising
them to meet new conditions.
have been received regarding the use of radio for controlling model
aircraft. It is estimated that there are approximately 10,000 such
enthusiasts in the United States. The Commission's rules provide for
such operations in the amateur and the citizens services. However, most
inquiries of this nature stem from those who have the operation of
their models primarily in mind and the use of radio is merely an
incidental matter. Thus, in most instances they do not wish to go
through the process of learning radio fundamentals to obtain amateur
is not yet available for use in controlling model aircraft in the
citizens service. However, the 27 megacycle diathermy band provides a
present medium for such operations. The Commission also proposes to
permit equipment such as garage-door-openers to operate in this band,
as well as short distance radio communication systems not provided for
in other parts of the rules.
2. LABORATORY DIVISION
group consists of devices not expected to cause interference because of
the low power employed. Examples are radio-operated garage-door
openers, miniature broadcast stations, and devices for remote control
of models. Of the devices tested, a considerable portion were found
capable of causing radiation greater than that permissible. The
manufacturers decided either to give such new products further study or
withdraw others from sale.
Just thought of a 1940s Part 15 story,.. have I already told you about
Al Capone's gang getting busted over a phono-oscillator? It's true,
I've got a few clippings filed away... kind of a funny story. More on
10:10 AM -- Asking
do radio hobbyists like radio so much? That's a good 'why' to open the
discussion, and of course there are other why's also worth asking
about. But one why at a time.
The appeal of these so-called
'part 15' blogs and the part 15 forums we also write about is that a
small number of fellows enjoy radio so much that we do it for free.
That's pretty well the definition of a hobby; Something a person does
in their spare time at no pay which to other people would be a paid job
and a profession. While it's true that some radio hobbyists come from a
professional radio background there are many more that have only
admired radio from the outside while earning a living in some other
field, such as Uber drivers or snow plowers. As for me, I became
attracted to radio as a small tyke whose family tuned the big furniture
radio against the wall to mystery programs, cowboy shows and music,
which resulted in my beginning to acquire a wardrobe starting with a
cowboy hat and a love for thumping bass notes in dance music as enjoyed
from the radio's 15" electro-magnetic loudspeaker.
radio opened an interest in an unseen world out there somewhere where
all the talking and singing was coming from. "WTMJ, Milwaukee; WGN,
Chicago; KMOX, St. Louis; KAAY, Little Rock." How do they do that(?)",
I wondered. Passenger train journies taken with the family to some of
these far flung locations did not explain how radio worked, but opened
a new interest in railroad trains. But that's a whole other paragraph.
Good luck smiled my way when I discovered an actual radio station one
block away in a college building where the public was able to watch the
actual origin of a broadcast on the other side of a large plate glass
window. From that moment forward I knew that someday I would have my
own large plate glass window. And on the otherside, at the
very hub of the magic, an engineer sitting at a jumbo sized
control panel, a turntable operator with two industrial sized record
players, and an announcer seated at an important table with a bulky
microphone dangling from a crane made from metal pipes. Back at the
family apartment the same station could be heard on every radio in the
house and I knew something that many people never know, namely what
line of work I wanted to do.
Just as this story has gotten
interesting, I've decided to take a snack break, so maybe we can pick
it up again some other time.
Thursday January 12, 2023
5:46 PM -- Satellite Internet On the Horizon --
9:55 AM -- Unexplained Antennas in Utah --
3:59 AM -- Rolls Transmitter Certificate --
It is unclear whether the Rolls FM-70 is actually
certified by the FCC. What we see here is an independant lab
3:35 AM -- Weather from Blog Station Blare --
morning to all points. We are on weather watch this early morning,
prepared to close the website in the event of a storm. An hour earlier
our temperature was 50-Farenheit with lightning toward the west, south
and east. Since then temperatures have begun to drop headed into the
30s and lightning has moved mostly into the east with only a slight
dash of rain here at Blog Central. To monitor real-time lightning
activity anywhere in the world try
1:46 AM -- FCC Cites BSW Over Transmitter Certifications --
Mark has questions:
But the MS-100 (Decade)
IS certified legal. The Rolls isn't but why is the Decade MS-100
Maybe Michel at Decade
should see this?
Mark, I (Carl) also wondered about this and the article further states
that after being pulled from the BSW catalog the Rolls transmitter
later has become certified. That is also a big piece of news sort of
Wednesday January 11, 2023
5:25 AM -- BSW Cuts Uncertified Transmitters from Catalog
Tuesday January 10, 2023
6:49 PM -- Cutting a record with a...
5:30 PM -- From Richard Powers web searches:
when I worked in FM as a child there was some PRESTO equipment in use
at one of the stations, but that's all I remember.
Sunday January 8, 2023
12:02 NOON --- Works Enter Public Domain in 2023 --
6:36 AM -- 49ers --
Word from Artisan Radio:
I read with interest
the description of Part 15 on 49 Mhz. But I think
potential ranges of hundreds of miles are wildly overstated.
49 Mhz is just
below the 6 meter amateur band, which is 50-54 Mhz.
propagation conditions, skip (from the ionosphere) is
that band, as well as troposphere (the lowest atmospheric
however, is done on CW (morse code). I think it would be near
get hundreds of miles using 100mw on voice with simple
stations expecting to work that kind of distance on SSB would
directional yagi antennas, and use much higher power
- Artisan Radio
And in my mind, Carl Blare asking, who would be 'out there' listening
for voice signals on 49 MegaHertz?
Saturday January 7, 2023
1:18 PM -- The Forty-Niner Club --
The Powers Report:
Carl, here's a clipping of an old but interesting item
called the "The
which was a syndicated newspaper column by the national American Radio
Council during the 1970s that sometimes focused specifically on part
particular issue talks about a group of hobbiest in California who
formed a small organization called the "Forty-Niner Radio Club" whos
primary purpose was to promote broadcasting on the new 49.8mhz band,
which was one of five new part 15 frequency options the FCC added in
article says the capable range is usually only about a mile but that
when conditions are just right the signal can travel as far as four or
five hundred miles! At the time this was written the rule specified
100mw input, 1 meter antenna, fully self-contained, including the
microphone if used (like a walkie-talkie). -- However, the original
"fully self-contained" requirement has since been amended to allow
the possibility of broadcasting potentially for 'hundreds of miles'
legally without a license really raised my eyebrows. It seems I've read
through discussions about broadcasting 49mhz in more recent years but I
don't recall anything about such extreme ranges.. What am I missing?
Why is this not more popular now?
Seems like something is
missing in this picture, but it's enticing to look at. How do you see
Blare Blog watches the various shortwave channels open for part 15 use
and plan someday to build something for these frequencies. there are no
ready-made transmitters or kits for these channels, and anything above
30 MHz would require using communications radios which are expensive.
Friday January 6, 2023
7:41 PM -- Stream Encoders --
his blog of today's date titled 'Arbitrary Restrictions' Artisan Radio
speaks about encoders used for streaming audio to an Icecast Server, a
subject of interest also to me. At present I am using the B.U.T.T.
Encoder with the OGG-VORBIS codec for the reason that I am thus able to
post meta data, which shows what is 'Currently Playing' via a text
window, something the OPUS format does not do. My second stream is an
MP3 very low bitrate service for people around the world with
limited bandwidth. For MP3 I use a different encoder, currently an
AltaCast which does the job except that I haven't been able to get it
to save log files. Evidently AltaCast is someone's re-working of
Edcast, which has a choppy history starting with Oddcast and over time
got re-shaped into Edcast followed by Edcast Reborn. The other day I
tried Edcast Reborn and everything looked alright except it wasn't
accepting an audio input and I eventually gave up on it. When I return
to the lab for more tinkering I'll give plain Edcast a try. The log
saving isn't a crisis because B.U.T.T. saves logs and the exact same
programming goes out on both streams, but I'm fussy when little things
6:28 AM -- Response to FCC 2022 Marketplace Report --
From Mark at Part15.org:
remember back as late as the end of the seventies to early eighties
entry level cars like the Chevette for example came with no radio, just
a cover where it should be. If you wanted a radio it was an option!
Basic car came without it. So this now is nothing new. The Hyundai
Accent basic car in the 2000s even came with no radio installed on base
I guess I'm lucky, then. My 2007 model has AM & FM, not to
mention a disk player that I've never used.
5:58 AM -- About Surge Protectors --
Mark from Part15.org comments:
There are surge protectors and then there are surge protectors!
If I remember right he
(in your posted video) wasn't home when this happened and there were
multiple strikes around the house.
didn't have a protector that shuts down power to the outlets if the
surge protection is compromised. Most just have a light that goes out
but you still have unprotected power so the protector did it's job but
not for the successive strikes. There are some with automatic power
shut down if the surge protection is overwhelmed or not functioning.
don't want to pay more and want something for $19.95. Take a look at
the common ones and open it up and see what is in there, Then take
something like Isobar and see what is inside! Isobar's warranty
includes a direct hit!
Surge Protector, 6 Outlet, 3300 Joules, Metal | Eaton
Protection for A/V
components, network hardware, retail displays, appliances, power tools
and other electronics ...
The Blog appreciates this technical input about electrical surge
Thursday January 5, 2023
8:55 AM -- Radio Numbers --
125 fewer AM stations in 2022 compared to 2018.
6:36 AM -- Old Technology is Often Best --
this morning a local farm broadcaster spoke about how automobile
manufacturers plan to charge extra for inclusion of AM & FM
on the dashboard. This is not good news for rural areas that depend on
radio for their information. And railroads have never lost their
superior edge as a mode of transportation, despite the emergence of
private cars and the speed of air travel. We will never see 2-mile long
coal planes nor any form of getting about exceeding the romance and
efficiency of going by train. Enjoy this film from the age of rail not
so long ago.
2:47 AM -- Free Posters --
'Automotive Radio Frequencies' poster referenced yesterday by Richard
Powers has not been found in a search of the Rohde-Schwarz website, but
51 other posters are available:
2:17 AM -- Recommended Reading --
Check out the entries in particular for December 25 - 'Trump &
Hobby Broadcaster', and January 4 - 'Amateur Radio Station':
WEDNESDAY JANUARY 4, 2023
4:37 PM -- Non vs. Anti in Online Society - Part 1 --
people don't like and might be a threat to others, whereas non-social
people simply neither want nor need social contact but are harmless. In
my experience of the past several years I would call the typical part
15 hobbyist more on the non-social side but we have spotted a few
trolls who might be regarded as anti-social. What it comes down to in
other words is that part 15 hobbyists are often independent loners who
mainly do their own thing with little interest in 'societies' in the
sense of membership organizations such as was attempted with the ALPB
(the Association for Low Power Broadcasters). The founder of the group,
Lefty Gomez, envisioned a cooperating social organization where
stations could work together sharing technical assistance, program
exchange and perhaps even petition the FCC for fine-tuning of the
rules. But when a past chairman used his insider privileges to stage a
hostile takeover the few active members did not stand up against the
invasion and either dropped out entirely or allowed the siege to happen
and sheepishly cowed down to the remaining hollow shell now used as a
'Lifetime Achievement Honor' for the schitzi mini-Trump EX-chairman.
[To Be Continued ]
4:34 PM -- Speaking Of Purchasing Domain Names --
1:55 PM -- Octopus Head --
brief intervals in between intentional thoughts the human brain is apt
to grope around for random thoughts and I for no reason started
wondering what can be done with unused FM frequencies. After
I am one of the lucky low power operators because my location has
enough useful channels to set me up with spares. We hear of
stations not so fortunate who find no open channels in their town. As
it is I use two channels on a daily basis. KDX-FM carries 'main
channel' programming simulcast with streaming stations KDX-VORBIS and
KDX-MP3 and KEGO-FM is our private utility channel used for audio
editing, movie sound, You Tube sound, and DXing other streams. Two
unused channels are all equipped with their own transmitters but no
reason the be used. Oh, my brain is doing a new grope. I'll let you
know what we think about next.
1:51 PM -- Surge Protectors May Not Do Anything --
12:19 NOON -- Automotive Radio Frequency Poster --
Richard Powers Report:
I don't know just what a "automotive radio frequency poster" might be,
but at some point I grabbed a screenshot of an ad to download one for
free (attached). I'm offline as I write this but wanted to drop you a
note about it now lest I forget. You've recently posted links to
several calenders so I thought you might be interested in this too..
whatever it is.
for my desire to purchase part15.org., it's been on my mind
while. Almost inquired last summer but held off. I have no idea
whatsoever of what fair price might be but summertime is when I'm
usually able to come up with a "lump sum", but it's also when I have
least free time to tend to such things, so that's a problem. I
no familarity with forum software, so initially would be flying blind.
Hosting cost is another matter, but I really don't see how it could be
that much of an expense.
What's a dead forum
worth? - It's worth nothing, but that's the wrong question.
our oldest existing part 15 forum and from where most of us as a
community originated. I think I joined in 2001 and it had already been
in operation for some time, and now I, like you, have made
of posts there, decades of interactions and history just sitting there
in a mangled, unused, and hardly usable state. It's
unusable. Such a shame. It needs resurrection. It takes passion to
resurrect a mangled mass of crap, no one else is doing it, I have
passion, I can do it.
Guess an initial inquiry
is in order. Maybe Mark could be of assistance.
another matter.. I know I had downloaded a copy of "Passport to World
Band Radio 2001" from worldradiohistory.com several years ago but
apparently it's no longer available anywhere for download.
particularly interesting about that issue is that it contains several
pages with images reviewing several hobby-type AM&FM
including Heathkit, Ramsey, Talking Houses and others. I'll
probably end up getting a hard copy on ebay or Amazon, but for the
moment I did some strategic searches on Googlebooks for a few
"snippets" from the issue. One interesting observation was that the
range of the Ramsey AM-25 at 1 watt was not much better than the
Talking House (T99) at only 100mw.
Here's more snippets I
was able to pull out:
KITS WORTH THE EFFORT?
ago, the roster of companies offering kits used to be long and
distiquished, but none achieved success like Michigan's Heathkit. Their
products were often wanting in performance, but Heath had kit-building
down to a science. If all else failed you could...
Lone Ranger Rides Again
AM is inherently not a fidelity match for stereo FM, and Passport's
ratings reflect this, however it is good... .. ...cds or big band FM
stations to your favorite antique radio...
normally available as a kit, and construction is no cakewalk (see box).
Thankfully it comes with reasonable assembly instructions and excellent
telephone support, but Ramsey is no Heathkit. Figure at least 50
hours--half that if you'r an experienced kit builder-- ....
...typical home and even
into the yard providing your using a decent FM radio.
The Decade FM-800 series has variable power, raising in 50 milliwatt
steps from a 50 milliwatt minimum to a maximum 1.8 watt. These
Canadian-made units which sell for around US$1,000 may not...
Talking House T99
Price transmitter $299
don't expect much in the way of audio fidelity in the AM band, but the
T99's audio is designed specifically for speech reproduction. Instead
of being broadband, it emphasizes the midrange and high end, with bass
coming up woefully short. Even though it sounds clean and intelligible,
the... ... ... Alas, that's not all, like the Ramsey AM-25 it uses a
mediocre AC adapter that causes hum that's clearly audible even with
the T99s limited bass reproduction. A good regulated and... ... ...
States only the 100mw alternative is legal, and then only if the
antenna is set up according to the manual's instructions.
At one watt the Ramsey
AM-25 reaches out very little farther than a Talking House at... .. ...
best to use the outer conductor of either RCA socket. Beyond that, what
this unit really needs, is a properly filtered and bypassed power
supply of suitable voltage, amperage, and polarity.
If the AM-25 requires
service, even within....
all I got. By the way, why do you always shut down for stormy weather?
A basic surge protector would protect your equipment. Seems to me that
stormy weather can be a prime-time for a part15 broadcaster as nearby
potential listeners will be confined indoors. But who we kidding?
They'll just turn on the TV.
in addition to your portrayal of the present-day part15.us/org website
as 'unusable, etc.', I would base my calculations on the
site being 'BLIGHTED' and in 'DISARRAY' with an 'INACTIVE USER
BASE' and 'MINIMAL VALUE IN DECLINING NICHE MARKET'. It seems apparent
to me that the failure to repair the site indicates the absentee owner
does not consider it worth upkeep. It's primary value to you would be
your passion for keeping the radio hobby alive but with little prospect
of monetizing the operation. The ongoing costs of keeping the lights on
includes cost of the domain name, forum software, server, internet
service provider (host), and a lot of your time.
advice from a number of industry radio and internet operators,
power of lightning can do damage to electronic equipment despite any
kind of surge or grounding protection. The safest protection is total
disconnection. For one example, WBCQ the shortwave station shuts down
during lightning storms. Station owner Allan Weiner says the expense of
replacing burned out equipment is not worth risking. Another example is
Maria Gilardin of TUC Radio who recommends physically unplugging from
the internet because a modem can be fried by a strike and grounding
alone is no guarantee of safe-guard. Also, since this website and radio
station operate from our own servers we are vulnerable to power loss
which can destroy hard-drives and for us being online at all times is
unnecessary and we are unwilling to undertake the added technical
burden of installing a backup power thing... I forget what they're
TUESDAY JANUARY 3, 2023
7:05 AM -- Power Up --
weather for us in the mid-Mississippi River Valley was subdued. Brief
thunder was over 20-seconds apart from the flash and rain was sprinkly
with no wind.
MONDAY JANUARY 2, 2023
3:35 PM -- Dicey Weather Outlook --
are standing by for possible shutdown of our web &
servers based on this advisory from the National Weather Service:
will occur across portions of the region this
afternoon and overnight. A few could become
strong to severe with
winds, hail, and a few tornadoes the main threats
We'll see how things look after a break for hot oatmeal with
3:06 PM -- Fussing with the Station Schedule --
that I hear the same news stories on KDX too often I began stripping
the schedule of news and while I was at it I dumped a classical music
program and there'll be more cuts. My budding interest in ambient and
experimental music will fill the extra time with program series I've
been finding, including today's discovery of a hosted program of noise
music with Tom Baker, a wry personality who says entertaining things.
For example he said he doesn't care about romance one way or the other
and is a bitter troll who keeps lists of serial killers. It seemed
funny at the time.
2:52 PM -- Memory Doesn't Remember --
opened up to you about the oatmeal. Over the past several days I've
been unable to forget about it and have continued to be nagged by the
sense that there should be another carton of it right around here
somewhere. Here is a list of memories I held:
1.) I remember bringing all foodstuffs indoors leaving an
empty trunk containing only an empty plastic bag;
I distinctly recall bringing in a plastic bag containing two
cartons of oatmeal which I set over there between that box and that
3.) I clearly recollect emptying a previous carton of oatmeal
and opening one of the two new cartons.
4.) When I soon ran short I had the strange sense that a new
carton of oatmeal shouldn't be empty in so short a time;
5.) For a number of days I repeated a search of the house for
that remaining box which could not be found;
Still troubled over the matter I today decided to open the
of the car, but I did so with the certainty that I'd find only a single
empty plastic bag.
Upon opening the trunk I refused to believe
what I saw. There were two cartons of oatmeal and an empty plastic bag.
I came close to shutting the trunk and walking away, but renewed my
gaze and confirmed the two cartons. I fit them into the bag and brought
them in, where the old memories persist and I still feel puzzled that I
have no oatmeal, even though I have more than I thought I did in the
10:02 AM -- Is Today or is Today Not a Holiday? --
same dizzy uncertainty hit me last week when we wondered the same thing
about Christmas Monday. We became somehow convinced that last Monday
was, so it stood to reason that today also is, but the mailman
just delivered mail giving us reason to doubt. Possibly the mailman is
also mixed up because of too much celebrating. We asked Duck Duck Go
whether January 2 is a holiday...
to what we found, the nearest country where today (Jan. 2) is a holiday
is Cuba. But of course we seceded from the United States many
years ago and declared our radio campus a sovereign country called
'Heaven' landlocked on all sides by the U.S., and pay foreign aid to
the form of real estate tax and they (the U.S.) collect our
trash. The point being that we have the power to declare today a
holiday but since it's half over we may do it retroactively later in
6:00 AM -- Time Spelled Backwords is 'Emit' --
SUNDAY JANUARY 1, 2023
4:42 PM -- Stream Maintenance #2
New Version Audacity Audio Editor V 3.2.3 available.
11:52 AM -- DFM Now Added to Demand Radio Page --
DFM RADIO TV INTERNATIONAL is a Free Form Radio and Video Streaming
Station from the Netherlands.
11:33 AM -- Stream Maintenance #1 --
KDX-VORBIS and KDX-MP3 will close streaming this afternoon for routine
maintenance until tonight.
New version of B.U.T.T. Encoder V 0.1.37 available.
New version Audacity Audio Editor V 3.2.2 available.
8:18 AM -- Music Education --
We may have found the penultimate in musical forms, the holy grail, as